Hollywood Studio System Collection

The American film studios have dominated the domestic and international film markets since the late-1910s. The major studios, such as Paramount and Fox, were vertically integrated--controlling production, distribution, and exhibition. The corporate headquarters were located in New York, but the production divisions operated on the West Coast. The name "Hollywood" is now associated with the entire studio system and the memorable films the system produced.

The periodicals in this collection chart the studio system during its rise, the transition to sound, the Great Depression, the World War II years, and postwar decline. The periodicals present a variety of points of view within the industry, from the production-oriented Hollywood Reporter to the exhibitor-oriented publication Harrison's Reports, a "reviewing service free from the influence of film advertising." The cornerstone of this collection is a two decade run of The Film Daily, a leading motion picture trade paper published out of New York that reached participants involved in all aspects of the movie business. The Film Daily includes innumerable reviews of features and shorts, news reports from throughout the industry, occasional features stories, and hundreds of full-page ads.

Extensive Runs

Camera! (1919-1924)

  • Description: One of the first film trade papers to be published in LA (instead of New York) and speak to the Hollywood production community. CAMERA never had the strong editorial voice of FILM MERCURY'S Tamar Lane or HOLLYWOOD REPORTER'S Billy Wilkerson, but the paper's sections profiling current productions, instructing aspiring writers about what studios were looking for, and providing the contact information for actors looking for roles can tell us much about how Hollywood operated in the early-1920s. -- Eric Hoyt, 2017
  • 1919 Yearbook (covering production in 1918) | Read | Download |
  • Apr 1919 - Apr 1920 | Read | Download |
  • Apr 1920 - Apr 1921 | Read | Download |
  • Apr 1921 - Apr 1922 | Read | Download |
  • Apr 1922 - Apr 1923 | Read | Download |
  • 1923-1924 | Read | Download |

Cine-Mundial (1916-1946)

  • Description (English): Cine-Mundial, the Spanish-language version of Moving Picture World, was published between 1916 and 1948. The magazine documents Hollywood’s growing dominance in Latin American markets in the 1920s and the emergence of national film industries, such as those of Mexico and Argentina after the introduction of sound film. Far from being a mere translation of its English-language counterpart, Cine-Mundial focused on issues that were important to its readers in Latin American and Spain—the representation of Latin Americans on screen, the geo-politics of film distribution, and Hollywood's short foray into Spanish-language film production in the late 1920 and early 1930s. Functioning as both trade publication and fan magazine, its regular columns that featured reports from national correspondents and letters from readers from every corner of the Spanish-speaking world provides invaluable insight into Latin American audiences and their reception of both imported and nationally or regionally produced films. -- Laura Isabel Serna, 2013.
  • Descripción (español): Cine Mundial, la versión en español de Moving Picture World fue publicado entre 1916 y 1948. La revista documenta el crecimiento del dominio de Hollywood en los mercados de América Latina que surgió en los años veinte tanto como el nacimiento de industrias cinematográficas nacionales como las de México y Argentina. Más que una mera traducción de su contraparte en inglés, Cine-Mundial enfocaba en asuntos de importancia para sus lectores en América Latina y España—la representación de latinos en el cine estadounidense, la economía política de la producción y distribución de películas, y las esfuerzas de Hollywood a complacer los públicos latinos, como la producción de películas en español a los finales de los años veinte y primeros años del siguiente década. Funcionó al mismo tiempo como publicación comercial y revista para aficionados del cine. Las columnas de noticias mensual escritas por corresponsales desde varias naciones y ciudades de América Latina y las cartas enviadas a la redacción desde los rincones del mundo hispano proporcionan una visión panorámica de los públicos latinos y su recepción de películas importadas, nacionales, y regionales. -- Laura Isabel Serna, 2013
  • Notes: Cine-Mundial was scanned and sponsored by the Library of Congress Packard Campus for Audio-Visual Conservation. The 1916-1946 run accessible below is missing the following three volumes and years: vol. 4 (1919), vol. 9 (1924), and vol. 15 (1930).
  • 1916. Vol 1 | Read | Download |
  • 1917. Vol 2 | Read | Download |
  • 1918. Vol 3 | Read | Download |
  • 1920. Vol 5 | Read | Download |
  • 1921. Vol 6 | Read | Download |
  • 1922. Vol 7 | Read | Download |
  • 1923. Vol 8 | Read | Download |
  • 1925. Vol 10 | Read | Download |
  • 1926. Vol 11 | Read | Download |
  • 1927. Vol 12 | Read | Download |
  • 1928. Vol 13 | Read | Download |
  • 1929. Vol 14 | Read | Download |
  • 1931. Vol 16 | Read | Download |
  • 1932. Vol 17 | Read | Download |
  • 1933. Vol 18 | Read | Download |
  • 1934. Vol 19 | Read | Download |
  • 1935. Vol 20 | Read | Download |
  • 1936. Vol 21 | Read | Download |
  • 1937. Vol 22 | Read | Download |
  • 1938. Vol 23 | Read | Download |
  • 1939. Vol 24 | Read | Download |
  • 1940. Vol 25 | Read | Download |
  • 1941. Vol 26 | Read | Download |
  • 1942. Vol 27 | Read | Download |
  • 1943. Vol 28 | Read | Download |
  • 1944. Vol 29 | Read | Download |
  • 1945. Vol 30 | Read | Download |
  • 1946. Vol 31 | Read | Download |

Exhibitors Herald (1917-1927)

  • Description:
    • Founded in 1915 by a Chicago printing company as a regional trade paper for Midwest exhibitors. In 1916, editor Martin Quigley bought out the owners, and over the next 15 years, he grew EXHIBITORS HERALD into one of the most important national, weekly trade papers in the film business. Quigley acquired MOTOGRAPHY in 1917 and MOVING PICTURE WORLD in 1927. In 1930, he acquired MOTION PICTURE NEWS and the new 'consolidated' publication became MOTION PICTURE HERALD. From the pulpit of his editorial page, Quigley preached the need to improve the motion picture industry and improve the quality of the films. He skillfully served as a mediator in disputes -- between distributors and exhibitors, between the film industry and the Catholic Church (Quigley was one of the architects of the Production Code). Quigley claimed that EXHIBITORS HERALD represented the 'independent exhibitor' and sections like 'What the Picture Did for Me?' certainly provided a forum for theater owners. But plenty of exhibitors viewed Quigley as a servant to the studios and large theater chains. In response, publications such as SHOWMEN'S TRADE REVIEW, INDEPENDENT EXHIBITORS FILM BULLETIN, HARRISON'S REPORTS, and BOX OFFICE were either formed or grew significantly in the years following Quigley's brief moment of consolidation in 1930. -- Eric Hoyt, 2014
  • 1917
  • 1918
  • 1919
  • 1920
  • 1921
  • 1922
  • 1923
  • 1924
  • 1925
  • 1926
  • 1927

Exhibitors Herald and Moving Picture World (1928)

Exhibitors Herald World (1929-1930)

The Film Daily (1918-1948)

Harrison's Reports (1927-1962)

Independent Exhibitors Film Bulletin (1934-1963)

Motion Picture Daily (1931-1960)

Motion Picture Herald (1931-1956)

Motion Picture News (1913-1930)

Motion Picture News Booking Guide (1922-29)

Showmen's Trade Review (1939-1949)

Variety (1905-1949)

Select Holdings

20th Century-Fox Close-Ups (1937-38)

20th Century-Fox Dynamo (1939-60)

20th Century-Fox Studio Special (1941)

Fox West Coast Theaters Now (1930)

A Showman's Guide for Better Business (20th Century-Fox, 1949)

Action (20th Century-Fox, 1941-58)

Agfa Motion Picture Topics (1937-1940)

The Art of Sound Pictures (1930)

The Associated First National Franchise (1921-22)

Boxoffice (1961-1963)

Boxoffice Barometer (1942-1963)

Box Office Digest (1938-1946)

Broadway and Hollywood "Movies" (1930-1934)-

Cinema Progress (1935-1939)

The Cinema News and Property Gazette (1922-1946)

DeForest Achievements (late 1920s)

Dramatic Mirror (1922)

Educational Talking UFA Motion Pictures (ca. 1930)

Exhibitors Trade Review (1921-1926)

  • Description
    • In late-1916, Exhibitor’s Trade Review entered a crowded market of weekly motion picture trade publications that already included the Moving Picture World, Motion Picture News, Exhibitor’s Herald, and Motography, along with theatre and vaudeville-oriented papers that covered film, such as Variety, the Billboard, and the New York Clipper. To gain market share and differentiate itself from competitors, Exhibitor’s Trade Review pursued a variety of tactics -- some constructive (gathering allies among exhibitor organizations), others destructive (smearing the reputations of competing trade papers and certain film companies that refused to buy advertising). Despite the behind-the-scenes controversies, though, Exhibitor's Trade Review appears to have, in the words of Alan Gevinson, 'established itself legitimately in its role as advisor to and fighter for the independent exhibitor.' All the issues that mattered to independent exhibitors were covered, including censorship, taxes, distributor contracts, piano accompaniment, and, of course, the films. In 1926, Exhibitor's Trade Review ceased weekly publication and only offered the daily service, Exhibitor's Daily, which was acquired a few years later by Martin Quigley as he attempted to consolidate the industry's trade papers under his control. -- Eric Hoyt, 2014
  • 1921-22
  • 1923
  • 1924
  • 1925-26

Film Curb (1939)

Film Follies (Christie Film Company, 1922-24)

The Film Mercury (1926-29)

  • Description: One of the most remarkable trade papers that Hollywood ever produced. Founded by Tamar Lane in Los Angeles in the mid-1920s, THE FILM MERCURY consistently argued that film was an art form in need of true artists. Yet the weekly paper also indulged in gossip and analyzed movies from 'the Box Office Angle.' A one of a kind LA publication that preceded HOLLYWOOD REPORTER and DAILY VARIETY and deserves to be rediscovered. -- Eric Hoyt, 2017"
  • 1926-27 | Read | Download |
  • 1928-29 | Read | Download |

Film News (1923)

Film Spectator / Hollywood Spectator (1927-1928, 1931, 1937-38)

  • Description: Welford Beaton's remarkable LA-based publication, FILM SPECTATOR, combined thoughtful criticism with trade news. The magazine would go on to change its name to HOLLYWOOD SPECTATOR and hire a young writer named Dalton Trumbo. -- Eric Hoyt, 2017
  • 1927-1928 | Read | Download |
  • Mar-Dec 1928. Vol 5-6 | Read | Download |
  • Jun-Nov 1931 | Read | Download |
  • Jan 1937 - Jan 1939 | Read | Download |
  • Apr-May 1939 | Read | Download |

Focus: A Film Review (1948-53)

The Gold Rush Souvenir Program (1925)

Hollywood Daily Screen World (1931)

Hollywood Filmograph (1929-1934)

Hollywood Motion Picture Review (1937-40)

Hollywood Reporter (1933-1934)

Hollywood Vagabond (1927)

The Independent Film Journal (1944, 1955)

Inside Facts of Stage and Screen (1930-31)

The Life and Adventures of Carl Laemmle (1931)

Looking Ahead (1933)

Loudspeaker (American Projection Society, 1931)

Meglin Kiddie News (Meglin Dance Studios, 1933)

Mensajero Paramount (1927-1938)

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Short Story (1937-1941)

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studio News (1938-40)

MGM Trader Horn souvenir program (1931)

Motion Picture Art Portfolio (1927)

The Motion Picture Director (1925-26)

Motion Picture Directing: the Facts and Theories of the Newest Art (Peter Milne, 1922)

The Motion Picture and the Family (1934-1938)

The Motion Picture Industry as a Basis for Bond Financing (1927)

The Motion Picture Review (1926)

Motion Picture Reviews (Women's University Club, LA Branch, 1930-1944)

Motion Picture Review Digest (1936-1939)

Motion Picture Studio Insider (1937)

Motion Picture Theater Management (1927)

Motion Picture Times (1919)

Motion Picture Times (Regional Exhibitor Trade Paper for Texas, Arkansas, and Oklahoma, 1931)

The Movies...and the People Who Make Them (1939-1940)

Pathe Sun (1929-30)

Paramount's 20th Birthday Jubilee (1931)

Paramount Service (1924)

Paramount World (1958-62)

The Story of the Famous Players-Lasky Corporation (Cecil B. DeMille/Famous Players-Lasky, 1919)

Production Design (1951-52)

Radio Pictures Exhibitors Book (1929-30)

RKO Palace Program (1931)

The Screen Writer (1945-1948)

Screen Opinions (1923-24)

Studio Skeleton (Goldwyn Studios, 1919-1920)

Talking Picture Magazine (1929-34)

Talking Screen (1930)

Technicolor News & Views (1939-1955)

Time Magazine (1935)

The Truth About the Movies, by the Stars (1924)

Tullars Weekly (1923-24)

  • Description: LA-based film trade paper of the 1920s that gave particular attention to short subjects. -- Eric Hoyt, 2017
  • October 24, 1923 | Read | Download |
  • May 4, 1924 | Read | Download |

Universal Weekly (1912-1936)

The Gold Mine (Universal Pictures, 1928-1930)

Pictures (Universal Pictures, 1946)

Vitaphone Brochure (Warner Bros., 1927)