The history of media is a global history – involving the exchange of workers, styles, and technologies across national borders.
French publications, such as Cine-Journal and Cinéa, reveal the important contributions of French filmmakers to film history. However, these French periodicals also contain advertisements for American films and demonstrate the popularity of certain global stars, such as Charles Chaplin and Sessue Hayakawa (both of whom had careers that criss-crossed national borders).
Some publications themselves were transnational creations. American and Canadian film enthusiasts were among the readers of Home Movies & Home Talkies, the British magazine for amateur filmmakers. Meanwhile, J.P. Chalmers—publisher of the American trade paper Moving Picture World—also published Cine-Mundial for the Spanish language market.
As a global history, media history has also been greatly influenced by the course of international events. The increased number of American film advertisements in Cinéa (1921-1923) compared to Cine-Journal (1908-1912) speaks to the global market dominance of the American film industry that occurred due to the devastation of European lives, economies, and film industries during World War I (1914-1918).
The Italian journal Cinema championed film as an art form, and it contains articles by future art cinema icons, such as Michelangelo Antonioni. However, no film or publication exists in a political vacuum. Just look at the masthead and see the name of Cinema’s editor-in-chief: Vittorio Mussolini, son of the nation’s dictator Benito Mussolini.
European Film Industry - General
European Motion-Picture Industry in 1932
- European Motion-Picture Industry in 1932 | Read | Download |
Filmatheque Pathé-Baby (1931)
La Cinématographie Française (1937)
La Revue du cinéma (1928-1929)
Der Kinematograph (1907-1908)
Filmkuenstler: wir ueber uns selbst (1928)
Filmland:deutsche Monatschrift (Berlin) (1924-1925)
Film-Magazin Vereinigt Mit Filmwelt (Berlin) (1929)
Film-Photos wie noch nie (1929)
Universal Filmlexikon (1932-33)
Cinema (Rome) (1939-1940)
Cinema en Theater (Leiden) (1921-22)
Spanish Language Publications
- Description (English)
- Cine-Mundial, the Spanish-language version of Moving Picture World, was published between 1916 and 1948. The magazine documents Hollywood’s growing dominance in Latin American markets in the 1920s and the emergence of national film industries, such as those of Mexico and Argentina after the introduction of sound film. Far from being a mere translation of its English-language counterpart, Cine-Mundial focused on issues that were important to its readers in Latin American and Spain—the representation of Latin Americans on screen, the geo-politics of film distribution, and Hollywood's short foray into Spanish-language film production in the late 1920 and early 1930s. Functioning as both trade publication and fan magazine, its regular columns that featured reports from national correspondents and letters from readers from every corner of the Spanish-speaking world provides invaluable insight into Latin American audiences and their reception of both imported and nationally or regionally produced films.
-- Laura Isabel Serna, 2013.
- Descripción (español)
- Cine Mundial, la versión en español de Moving Picture World fue publicado entre 1916 y 1948. La revista documenta el crecimiento del dominio de Hollywood en los mercados de América Latina que surgió en los años veinte tanto como el nacimiento de industrias cinematográficas nacionales como las de México y Argentina. Más que una mera traducción de su contraparte en inglés, Cine-Mundial enfocaba en asuntos de importancia para sus lectores en América Latina y España—la representación de latinos en el cine estadounidense, la economía política de la producción y distribución de películas, y las esfuerzas de Hollywood a complacer los públicos latinos, como la producción de películas en español a los finales de los años veinte y primeros años del siguiente década. Funcionó al mismo tiempo como publicación comercial y revista para aficionados del cine. Las columnas de noticias mensual escritas por corresponsales desde varias naciones y ciudades de América Latina y las cartas enviadas a la redacción desde los rincones del mundo hispano proporcionan una visión panorámica de los públicos latinos y su recepción de películas importadas, nacionales, y regionales.
-- Laura Isabel Serna, 2013.
- Cine-Mundial was scanned and sponsored by the Library of Congress Packard Campus for Audio-Visual Conservation. The 1916-1946 run accessible below is missing the following three volumes and years: vol. 4 (1919), vol. 9 (1924), and vol. 15 (1930).
- 1916. Vol 1 | Read | Download |
- 1917. Vol 2 | Read | Download |
- 1918. Vol 3 | Read | Download |
- 1920. Vol 5 | Read | Download |
- 1921. Vol 6 | Read | Download |
- 1922. Vol 7 | Read | Download |
- 1923. Vol 8 | Read | Download |
- 1925. Vol 10 | Read | Download |
- 1926. Vol 11 | Read | Download |
- 1927. Vol 12 | Read | Download |
- 1928. Vol 13 | Read | Download |
- 1929. Vol 14 | Read | Download |
- 1931. Vol 16 | Read | Download |
- 1932. Vol 17 | Read | Download |
- 1933. Vol 18 | Read | Download |
- 1934. Vol 19 | Read | Download |
- 1935. Vol 20 | Read | Download |
- 1936. Vol 21 | Read | Download |
- 1937. Vol 22 | Read | Download |
- 1938. Vol 23 | Read | Download |
- 1939. Vol 24 | Read | Download |
- 1940. Vol 25 | Read | Download |
- 1941. Vol 26 | Read | Download |
- 1942. Vol 27 | Read | Download |
- 1943. Vol 28 | Read | Download |
- 1944. Vol 29 | Read | Download |
- 1945. Vol 30 | Read | Download |
- 1946. Vol 31 | Read | Download |
Mensajero Paramount (1927-1938)
Close Up (1927-1933)
- As an active film magazine, CLOSE UP lasted only a short time, from 1927 to 1933. Yet the legacy of this English-language periodical, which was published in Switzerland, continues to matter. Edited by Bryher and her husband Kenneth Macpherson, CLOSE UP became THE magazine for energetic debates about the nature of cinema and manifestos imagining new forms of filmmaking and spectatorship. The magazine published articles by filmmakers, such as Sergei Eisenstein, and accomplished female modernist writers, such as H.D. and Gertrude Stein. As film scholar Anne Friedberg explains in the anthology CLOSE UP, 1927-1933: CINEMA & MODERNISM, "CLOSE UP became the model for a certain type of writing about film -- writing that was theoretically astute, politically incisive, critical of films that were simply 'entertainment.' For six and a half years, CLOSE UP maintained a forum for a broad variety of ideas about the cinema; it never advocated a single direction of development, but rather posed alternatives to existing modes of production, consumption, and film style." Like Friedberg's own books, CLOSE UP continues to be essential reading for anyone interested in the history of film and media theory. -- Eric Hoyt, 2014
- CLOSE UP was scanned and sponsored by the Library of Congress Packard Campus for Audio-Visual Conservation. Beginning in 1931, the magazine changed formats from a monthly to a quarterly periodical.
- Jul-Dec 1927. Vol 1 | Read | Download |
- Jan-Jun 1928. Vol 2 | Read | Download |
- Jul-Dec 1928. Vol 3 | Read | Download |
- Jan-Jun 1929. Vol 4 | Read | Download |
- Jul-Dec 1929. Vol 5 | Read | Download |
- Jan-Jun 1930. Vol 6 | Read | Download |
- Jul-Dec 1930. Vol 7 | Read | Download |
- Jan-Dec 1931. Vol 8 | Read | Download |
- Jan-Dec 1932. Vol 9 | Read | Download |
- Jan-Dec 1933. Vol 10 | Read | Download |
British Kinematography (1949)
The Cine Technician (1935-1956)
The cinema and the public; a critical analysis of the origin, constitution (1934)
Cinema Quarterly (1933-1935)
The Cinema News and Property Gazette (1912-1946)
Documentary News Letter (1940-1949)
Film and TV Technician (1957)
The Filmgoers' Annual (1932)
Home Movies & Home Talkies (1932-1934)
Illustrated Films Monthly (1913-1914)
Minutes of evidence taken before the Departmental Committee on Cinematograph Films (1936)
The Optical Lantern and Cinematograph Journal (1904-1905)
Pictures and the Picturegoer (1915-1937)
Picture Show Annual (1926-1961)
Weekly Kinema Guide: London Suburban Reviews and Programmes (1930)
World Film News and Television Progress (1936-1938)